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Land Area Ranked 3rd

• Total 163,695 sq mi (286,382 km2)
• Width 250 miles (400 km)
• Length 770 miles (1,240 km)
• % water 4.84
• Latitude 36° 46′ 41.7324” N
• Longitude 119° 25′ 4.5516” W

Before statehood California Republic, Conquest of California

Admitted to the Union September 9, 1850 (36th)

Metes and Bounds

This the boundary from the 1849 constitution for California:
The Boundary of the State of California shall be as follows: Commencing at the point of intersection of 42d degree of north latitude with the 120th degree of longitude west from Greenwich, and running south on the line of Said 120th degree of west longitude, until it intersects the 39th degree of north latitude; thence running in a straight line, in a Southeasterly direction, to the River Colorado, at a point where it intersects the 35th degree of north latitude; thence down the middle of the channel of said river, to the boundary line between the United States and Mexico, as established by the treaty of May 30th, 1848; thence running west, and along said  boundary line, to the Pacific Ocean, and extending therein three English miles; thence running in a northwesterly direction, and following the direction of the Pacific Coast to the 42d degree of north latitude; thence on the line of said 42d degree of north latitude to the place of beginning; also, all the islands, harbors, and bays, along and adjacent to the Pacific Coast.

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